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This close friend of the scholar Jerome, known for her scholarship and her extreme piety and generosity, was one of the most noteworthy people—women or men—in all the 4th-century church.
Though practically unknown to most Westerners, the history of Orthodox spirituality among the Eastern Slavs of Ukraine and Russia is a deep treasure chest of spiritual exploration and discovery.
Christian Asceticism from the Early Church Through the Reformation
The Life and Thought of Bernard of CIairvaux
This Latin translation stood as the preeminent Bible text for centuries—and set the standard for future translators.
How did convents arise? Why did so many medieval women enter them?
Why did mysticism flower in the medieval world—and why did women often lead in it?
Junipero Serra launched a remarkable enterprise on Spain's final frontier
Stories that reveal Francis's intense, complex personality.
Little-known or remarkable facts about Francis of Assisi
The two most widespread medieval heresies
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February 23, 155 (traditional date): Polycarp, the bishop of Smyrna, is martyred. Reportedly a disciple of the Apostle John, at age 86 he was taken to be burned at the stake. "You try to frighten me with fire that burns for an hour and forget the fire of hell that never burns out," he said. The flames, legend says, would not touch him, and when he was run through with a sword, his blood put the fire out (see issue 27: Persecution in the Early Church).

February 23, 303: Diocletian begins ...

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