It was reported more than a year ago that in one of Dead Sea caves fragments of 13 manuscripts of Deuteronomy had been discovered as compared with 12 of Isaiah and 10 of the Psalms. This count may have been modified by subsequent discoveries; and the remarkable popularity of Deuteronomy among the Sectarians of Qumran may have been due to special reasons. Needless to say, the quotations from and references to Deuteronomy in the New Testament are “very numerous” (Angus-Green). This popularity is not surprising; rather it is to be expected. Deuteronomy is a unique book in more ways than one. It contains the farewell addresses of Israel’s great leader, Moses. It is full of reminiscences of the greatest events of Israel’s early history, the deliverance from Egyptian bondage and the giving of the Law. It looks forward to the conquest of the Promised Land with a confidence conditioned only by the ever present danger of apostasy. It contains a body of laws which are lofty in their ethical standards, stem and uncompromising; and yet they are surrounded by an atmosphere of loving concern which gives them the note of prophetic exhortation and urgency. By every test and standard, authorship, content, and circumstance, Deuteronomy is a very remarkable book.

Authorship

There are few books, if any, which bear more plainly the stamp of authorship than does Deuteronomy. This is shown by the following analysis:

Introduction—“words which Moses spake” (1:1–5)

First Discourse (1:6–4:40)

Second Discourse (5:1–26:19)

Third Discourse (29:1–30:20)

The Song of Moses (32:1–43)

The Blessing of Moses (33:1–29)

These discourses are all attributed to Moses. They make up the bulk of the book and are joined together by a narrative which tells what Moses did:

1. He ...

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