More and more the twentieth century is being pushed to decision between the two world views that compete for its loyalties. Each complex of convictions bids for the whole of personal life and for the totality of the universe. Each heralds a new order; each awaits the momentary birth of a new age. This generation’s destiny and the outcome of civilization in our times depend in large measure on which of these options in this swift-moving sixth decade commands people’s allegiance and shapes their commitment.

Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Working-men of all countries, unite.—Karl Marx’s revolutionary slogan at the conclusion of The Communist Manifesto.

The above slogan is what has supplied momentum to the Communist party ever since its birth in 1916, and has swept 26 per cent of the earth’s land mass and 36 per cent of its population into enslavement by totalitarian tyrants. For purposes of world revolution the Communist philosophy of dialectical materialism, economic determinism, and state absolutism musters a crisis technique to exploit the vacuums in human society, and tries to reorganize human life on the premise of the omnipotent and omnicompetent state. It seeks to bring education, politics, economics, literature and the arts—in fact, the whole orbit of individual and group existence—into subservience to the will of totalitarian government.

While Communism’s proposed revision of society is radical, it is far less thoroughgoing than the transformation proposed by Christianity. While Marx sought to revolutionize the world by changing the social environment, Jesus Christ pronounces doom upon any social order—revised ...

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