The work of the Holy Spirit not only pervades the Scriptures from Genesis 1 to Revelation 22, but extends to every aspect of divine creation. Abraham Kuyper, the great Dutch theologian, summarized the work of the Holy Spirit in two significant propositions: “First, the work of the Holy Spirit is not confined to the elect and does not begin with their regeneration; but it touches every creation, animate and inanimate, and begins its operations in the elect at the very moment of their origin. Second, the proper work of the Holy Spirit in every creature consists in the quickening and sustaining of life with reference to his being and talents, and, in its highest sense, with reference to eternal life, which is his salvation” (The Work of the Holy Spirit, p. 46). From the standpoint of the importance of the person of the Spirit as the Third Person of the Godhead, from consideration of his extensive works as revealed in the Scriptures, and because the work of the Spirit is integral to every important undertaking of God, the work of the Holy Spirit is a pivotal doctrine of the Scriptures and of systematic theology, and its statement determines any system of theology of which it is a part.

Definition. The Nicene Creed as amended in A.D. 589 states the faith of the Church on the person and work of the Spirit in these words: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together is worshipped and glorified.” In modern creeds such as the Westminster Confession of Faith, the Spirit of God is defined as one of the three persons of the Godhead “of one substance, power, and eternity” with the Father and Son. Even Karl Barth who avoids the word person ...

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