“THIS IS A HATE PLAY”—Poster carried by member of the American Nazi Party at the Broadway premiere of the play.

… NOT A “HATE SHOW” but a “shift the blame show.” [Hochhuth] does not spare the Germans, but he magnifies what he regards as the complacency, indifference, pettiness, diplomatic maneuvering and overcautious silence of Pius and the church hierarchy.…—Time.

WHO ARE WE, ANYWAY, that we dare to criticize the highest spiritual authority of the century? Nothing, in fact, but the simple defenders of the spirit, who yet have a right to expect the most from those whose mission it is to represent the spirit.—Albert Camus, quoted in the published version of The Deputy.

THIS DOES NOT MEAN that I absolve the German people of guilt. Quite the opposite. But there is a hierarchy of guilt. At the top are the people who gave the orders and actually performed the extermination. In the next level is the German people as a whole. It is a simple fact that Hitler came to power legally and that the nation supported him, actively or passively, practically to the end. But we are not alone. In a sense the whole civilized world shares guilt by association with that deed. It is a fact that a Jewish leader escaped from Poland in 1943 and tried to tell in England and America what was happening. The highest authorities could not or would not believe him.—Rolf Hochhuth.

LET US SUPPOSE THAT PIUS XII had done what Hochhuth blames him for not doing. His action would have led to such reprisals and devastation that Hochhuth … would have been able to write another play … about the vicar who, through political exhibitionism or psychological myopia, would have been guilty of unleashing on the already tormented world still greater calamities.…—Pope Paul VI. ...

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