A brief outline of the biblical view of God may help to clarify the main departures of process-theology.

■ The God of the Bible is first and foremost known as the sovereign One, the Monarch of all. Unlike the gods of pagan polytheism, who struggled to survive in a battle against fate, the biblical God from the very first towers as Creator and Lord of all things by his own word and will. The objects of pagan worship—sun, moon, and stars, beasts and creeping things—in the Bible are mere creations of the God of the universe. He it was, the sovereign Lord of All, who assigned man to have dominion over the earth and its creatures in moral obedience to his spiritual purposes. Contemporary moralists tend to deny any necessary connection between divine command and human morality and destiny; no less than Alfred North Whitehead conceded, however, that Christian belief in the rational, inexhaustible Logos as the source of a creative and dependable order was an indispensable element in the rise of modern science. The one God, sole sovereign of the universe, is at the heart of biblical religion.

■ The God of the Bible is known as the sovereign Lord through the fact of his self-revelation: as personal mind and will, he makes himself known in thought, word, and deed. In this emphasis on personality in God, the Bible contrasts both with Greek philosophy and with Greek popular religion. The classic philosophers spiritualized the polytheistic god-figures. Using such general concepts as the Divine, cosmic reason, and abstract Being, they postulated the ultimately real in terms of impersonal principle. The religious poets not only espoused polytheism but also ascribed to their multiplied gods all features and actions of human existence. The ...

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