Jean Henri Dunant

Devoted Swiss Calvinist; founded the International Committee of the Red Cross; shared the award with Frederic Passy, French founder and president of the first French peace society.


Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

Pacifist Italian and a practicing but anticlerical Catholic; president of the Lombard League of Peace.


Thomas Woodrow Wilson

U.S. President and a Presbyterian; founder of the League of Nations.


Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Söderblom

Primate of the Church of Sweden and Archbishop of Uppsala; leader of the ecumenical movement.


Arthur Henderson

Methodist lay preacher from Britain; chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference of 1932–34.


Lord Robert Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount

High-church Church of England writer; founder of the International Peace Campaign.


John Raleigh Mott

American; chairman of the first International Missionary Council and president of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations; promoted Christ-based student movements and associations for peace; shared the award with Emily Greene Balch, honorary international president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.


The Friends Service Council (London) & The American Friends Service Committee (Washington)

These Quaker organizations shared the award for the spirit in which they carried out postwar relief efforts and for previous peace promotion.


Albert Schweitzer

Alsace-born missionary surgeon; founded the Lambaréné Hospital in the Republic of Gabon.


Georges Henri Pire

Belgian Father of the Dominican Order; leader of a relief organization for refugees.


Philip J. Noel-Baker

British Member of Parliament and Quaker; devoted his life to international peace and cooperation.

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