This week's featured article at the Christian HistoryWeb site, "Tested on All Sides," comprises excerpts from the diary of Mary Richardson Walker (1811-1897), a pioneer missionary to the Oregon Territory. She kept a diary her whole life, opening a window into 1800s family life, ministry, and major events like traveling the Overland Trail. Her husband, Reverend Elkanah Walker (1805-1877), began a diary as well in 1841. Their different renderings of the same days highlight their distinct roles and unique personalities—and the huge differences between their time and ours.

Saturday, December 25, 1841

Mary: Made, cut & made two pair drawers for A. & a dress & one pair for Elizabeth. My health good except I can not sit long without my sides aching [Mary was pregnant at the time] so I mix in my house work to rest me & sew a great part of the time.Elkanah: Taught the children in the morning. I had a request to let the Indians thrash the wheat of the Chief in the new house but did not consent.

Wednesday, March 16, 1842

Mary: Rose about 5 o'clock, had an early breakfast, got my house work done up about 9. Baked six more loaves of bread. Made a kettle of mush & have made out to put my clothes away & set my house in order. May the mercy of the Merciful be with me through the expected scene. Nine o'clock p.m. was delivered of a son.Elkanah: Mrs. W. was safely delivered of a son this evening. We have every reason for gratitude from our heavenly father for his unnumbered mercies.

Thursday, March 17, 1842

Mary: Rested pretty well last night. The rain disturbed me some. My little boy laid still all night. We call his name Marcus Whitman [after another missionary to the Oregon Territory].Elkanah: The snow was much gone in the plain. We had a very comfortable night, notwithstanding the sickness of Mrs. W. … [She is] as comfortable as we could expect & [I] find it quite hard to take care of the house.

Sunday, September 18, 1842

Mary: Mr. E. [fellow missionary Cushing Eells] went to the river & Mr. Walker staid at home. I feel depressed. My children, especially Cyrus, is a heaviness to me particularly on the Sabbath day. It is as if he was almost possessed with some demon, he is so noisy. I do not know what to teach him first about his Maker.Elkanah: Went out and caught my horse & thought of myself & concluded that my feelings were the suggestions of the evil one to destroy my peace & usefulness. This has relieved my mind in a measure & I pray that I may have the grace to serve God faithfully, let my end be when it may. Had worship with the Indians about noon & then again about four o'clock & went in the evening & had some talk with the Chief.The American Board of Foreign Missions, which had sent the Walkers and two other couples out West, closed its Oregon operations in 1853. The Walkers stayed, turning to full-time farming to support their eight children. Mary outlived Elkanah by 20 years, and though she had once found him "an ordinary kind of unaspiring man" and been tempted while he courted her "to throw the bargain off on someone else," after his death she wrote, "I think of so many things I want to tell Mr. Walker. I realize more and more how much more I loved him than anyone else."

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For more diaries like those of the Walkers, see Women of the West by Cathy Luchetti and Carol Olwell (Three Rivers, 1982) and Under God's Spell, also by Luchetti (HBJ, 1989). The latter is out of print, but there are several copies listed at of Mary Richardson Walker's diary entries, as well as biographical information, are available at the Seattle League of Women Voters' site.See a brief biographical sketch of the Walkers at the End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center's Web site.More Christian History, including a listing of events that occurred this week in the church's past, is available at If you subscribe to the quarterly print publication now, you'll receive issue 66: "How the West Was Really Won."Christian History Corner appears every Friday at Previous Christian History Corners include:Like Father, Like Son | The Mather men followed the faith—and career paths—of their fathers. (June 16, 2000) Agent of Grace | PBS's Bonhoeffer film shows us a theologian in action. (June 9, 2000) Revive Us Again | Two recently translated books recount searches for recapturing Pentecost. (June 2, 2000) Asking the Wrong Questions | The Christian History staff's field trip to see the Dead Sea Scrolls (May 19, 2000) Glorified Gore | The early church wouldn't have been pleased with Gladiator (May 12, 2000) Maniac or Martyr? | Two centuries after his birth, John Brown remains a divisive figure (May 5, 2000) Dietrich's Friend Eberhard | A fellow resister of the Nazis, editor, and biographer dies half a century after his subject and companion (April 28, 2000) When Is Easter This Year? | It may be hard to tell when Easter will fall, but it was even harder for the church to create its calculations. (April 20, 2000) Coming Soon to a Bookshelf Near You | Christianity Today's annual book awards contain some choice history selections (April 14, 2000)