Early Life

1813
Livingstone born on March 19 in Blantyre, Scotland

1823
Starts work in cotton mill

1838
Accepted by London Missionary Society (LMS) for work in China

1839
Start of Opium War (which lasts until 1842) makes China missions impracticable

1840
Chance meeting with Robert Moffat in London persuades Livingstone to work in Africa; qualifies as doctor, ordained as minister, and sails for South Africa

1841
Reaches Cape Town; travels to Moffat's station in Kuruman

1845
Marries Mary Moffat

First Journeys

1847-52
Founds several mission stations, ending with Kolobeng

1849
Trip to Lake Ngami with William Cotton Oswell earns him fame in Britain

1851
Reaches upper Zambezi River for the first time

1852
Mary takes children to England

1853-6
Crosses southern Africa from coast to coast

1856
Returns to England and receives a hero's welcome—and the gold medal from the Royal Geographic Society

1857
Publishes Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa; leaves the LMS

Zambezi Expedition

1858
Zambezi Expedition sets sail; initial objectives abandoned by the end of the year

1859
Livingstone reaches Lake Nyasa

1862
Mary joins her husband on the Zambezi and dies almost immediately

1863
Zambezi Expedition and Universities Mission are recalled; Livingstone sails 2,500 miles to India to get a good price for his ship

1864
Son, Robert, dies of wounds fighting for the Union in the American Civil War days before he turns 19.

1865
Livingstone publishes Narrative of an Expedition to the Zambezi and its Tributaries

Last Journey

1866-73
On his last journey, tries (unsuccessfully) to find the source of the Nile

1871
Meets Henry M. Stanley

May 1873
Dies near Lake Bangweulu (Zambia); African companions take his body to Bagamoyo on the coast, a nine-month journey, and then to England

1874Buried ...

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