c.710Willibrord unsuccessfully attempts to convert the Danes

793 Vikings attack Celtic monastery at Lindesfarne

790s Viking raids on western Europe, Scotland, and Ireland

826Ansgar journeys to Denmark and to Birka, Sweden (829-31), to evangelize

841 First wintering of Vikings in Ireland

845 Pagan revolt forces missionaries to abandon Birka

859 Vikings enter the Mediterranean

865Ansgar dies, succeeded by Rimbert

870 Vikings kill the king of East Anglia, Edmund (later St. Edmund)

c.870 Norse begin to settle Iceland

Other Events

800 Coronation of the Emperor Charlemagne

c.800 Irish hermits settle in the Faeroe Islands and Iceland

862 Brothers Cyril and Methodius go as missionaries to Moravia

864 Boris I of Bulgaria converts


902 Vikings expelled from Dublin

911 Founding of Normandy by Viking chieftain Rollo

930 Founding of the Icelandic Althing at Thingvellir

c.934Hakon the Good becomes king of Norway and soon attempts to convert his country to Christianity

948 Bishops appointed to Hedeby, Ribe, and Arhus in Denmark

954Erik Bloodaxe, son of Harald Finehair, expelled from York and killed at the battle of Stainmore

958Gorm the Old, king of Denmark, buried at Jelling by his son, Harald Bluetooth

c.965Harald Bluetooth of Denmark converts

980 Renewed Viking attacks on England

c.985Erik the Red settles in Greenland

c.995Olof Skötkonung, king of Sweden, converts to Christianity

995Olaf Trygvesson unites Norway under Christian banner

Other Events

963 First monastic settlement on Mt. Athos

980 Mainz Cathedral begun

c.988 Prince Vladmir of Kiev baptized


1000Olaf Trygvesson dies in the Battle of Svold; Iceland converts to Christianity

c.1000Leif Eriksson voyages to Vinland in North America

1013 Danish king Svein Forkbeard conquers England, succeeded ...

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