1509 Henry VIII becomes king of England

1526 William Tyndale's English New Testament published

1534 Henry VIII leads Parliament in break with Roman Catholic Church and becomes 'supreme head of the Church of England"

1547 Edward VI becomes king and advances Protestantism

1549 First version of Book of Common Prayer published

1553 Mary Tudor becomes queen and labors to reestablish Roman Catholicism; nearly 300 Protestants are martyred during her reign, including Thomas Cranmer

1558 Elizabeth inherits throne and restores Anglicanism

1558 William Perkins is born

1559 Act of Uniformity requires use of Book of Common Prayer for public worship

1567 Controversy over clerical vestments is symptom of Puritans' desire for further reformation

1570 Puritan leader Thomas Cartwright deprived of teaching post at Cambridge for criticizing Anglican liturgy and government

1571 Parliament approves Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion stating doctrinal beliefs of English church

1583 John Whitgift becomes Archbishop of Canterbury and enforces uniformity in public worship

1588 England's navy defeats the Spanish Armada

1599 Oliver Cromwell is born

1602 Death of William Perkins

1603 James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England

1604 James I rejects most Puritan requests for reform included in their "Millenary Petition"

1608 John Milton is born

1611 King James Version published

1616 Richard Baxter and john Owen are born; William Shakespeare dies

1618 James I advocates Sunday recreation in opposition to Puritan Sabbatarianism

1618 Thirty Years War begins in central Europe

1620 The "Pilgrims," Puritan Separatists who had fled to the Netherlands, sail to America and found colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts

1625 Charles I becomes king

1628 Oliver Cromwell becomes Member ...

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