June 16, 1846: Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti is named Pope Pius IX. Roman Catholics remember him for his 31-year pontificate—the longest in history—for his declaration of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception and for the First Vatican Council's declaration of the infallibility of the pope.
June 16, 1855: William and Catherine Booth, founders of the Salvation Army, marry, having fallen in love the first night they met. William had escorted Catherine home, and she later wrote, "Before we reached my home, we both felt as though we had been made for each other" (see issue 26: William and Catherine Booth).
September 28, 929: King Wenceslas, ruler and patron saint of Czechoslovakia dies. During his brief reign as king before his brother murdered him, Wenceslas sought peace with surrounding nations, reformed the judicial system, and showed particular concern for his country's poor.
September 28, 1839: Frances E. Willard, president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union from 1879 to her death in 1898, is born in New York. She was influential in the passage of both the 18th and 19th Amendments (prohibition ...