Because the topic of Christian-Muslim relations is so broad, this issue will likely raise as many questions as it answers. Here are some suggestions for further exploration.

General Introductions

Scholar Bernard Lewis deserves the distinction, noted in the New York Times Book Review, as "the doyen of Middle Eastern studies." He writes critically but fairly of Islam, avoiding the unfounded optimism of authors such as John Esposito, Karen Armstrong, and Jane Smith and of media packages such as PBS's Islam: Empire of Faith. Lewis's recent articles in The Atlantic Monthly (see introduce his main ideas, which receive fuller treatment in his most popular non-specialist titles: Islam and the West (1994), The Middle East: A Brief History of the Last 2,000 Years (1995), and What Went Wrong: Western Impact and the Middle Eastern Response (2001).

Though an able guide, Lewis does not address Islam from a Christian perspective. Useful, general-audience resources that do represent this perspective include James A. Beverley's Understanding Islam, from the Nelson Quick Guide to Religions series (2001); George W. Braswell, Jr.'s Islam: Its Prophet, Peoples, Politics and Power, from Broadman & Holman (1996); Ravi Zacharias's Light in the Shadow of Jihad, from Multnomah (2002); and The World of Islam CD-ROM, from Global Mapping International (2001; see

Lastly, for a fantastic collection of primary source documents, scholarly works, and other links, see Paul Halsall's Internet Islamic History Sourcebook.

Provocative Landmarks

The West has lacked a consensus attitude toward Islam for decades. As a result, the landscape of literature on the topic features crags of controversy amid plains of more moderate offerings. ...

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