September 10, 422: Celestine is elected pope. During his tenure, he convoked the Council of Ephesus to combat the Nestorian "heresy" (this belief, that Christ had two natures and two persons, was probably more semantic overstatement than heresy) and reportedly sent Patrick to Ireland as a missionary (see issue 60: How the Irish Were Saved).
September 10, 1718: Founded in 1701 by Congregationalists who feared Harvard was straying from its Calvinist roots, The Collegiate School at New Haven, Connecticut, changes its name to Yale.
September 10, 1869: A Baptist minister invents the ricksha in Yokohama, Japan.
October 17, 108: According to tradition, Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, was martyred on this date. The Apostolic Father closest in thought to the New Testament writers, Ignatius wrote seven letters under armed guard on his way to Rome—some asking that the church not interfere with his "true sacrifice" (see issue 27: Persecution in the Early Church).
October 17, 1480: The Spanish Inquisition is activated.
October 17, 1979: October 17, 1979: Mother Teresa is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (see issue ...