Because the Christian religion stresses the importance of reason, not simply will and emotion, it has a stake in the arena of culture generally and in the realm of education specifically.

For Christianity exalts God as Lord of the minds of men, and under God seeks the spiritual and intelligible integration of all of life’s experiences.

Christianity And Reason

The greatness of the Hebrew-Christian religion rests partly on its insistence that the Living God is rational and moral, and that the Logos is identical with absolute deity; its insistence that the created universe is expressive of reason and responsive to reason; that the dignity of man above the animals consists in participation in the Divine image, enabling man to think God’s thoughts after him and to walk in his ways; that the Holy Spirit uses truth as a means to illumine and to convict man the sinner; and that God’s special revelation addressed to sinners and climaxed historically at Mount Calvary, also includes concepts and phrases identified as the Word of God written;—all this partially mirrors the glory of biblical religion. Doubtless some religions degrade reason, but Christianity supports the intellectual integration of life and experience.

The importance of reason is therefore an inescapable, enduring Christian emphasis. Only in times of reaction or of recrudescence has Christian theology neglected it. Ever since the Scottish philosopher Hume turned modern intellectual currents into a skeptical channel, and the German philosopher Kant proposed his additionally complicating epistemological remedy, the doubt over human reason’s adequacy to comprehend the spiritual world has vexed the headwaters of Protestant theology like a phantom. For almost two centuries, Western ...

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