As part of a systematic investigation into the chief factors confronting missionaries in the new Africa, CHRISTIANITY TODAY sent out a detailed questionnaire to evangelicals all over the continent. We are most grateful to the many who replied and thus made possible the following brief survey.

Most respondents report that anti-white feeling is not a strong force in Africa today and is thus not a subject of Communist exploitation. Such feeling is, however, everywhere present to some degree and is particularly noticeable in South Africa and the Congo. About Rhodesia a bishop writes that “though there is still a large fund of good will amongst many Africans toward Europeans, one must admit that amongst the younger people there is a growing anti-white feeling”—and 50 per cent of Africans in 1964 are under twenty-one. This resentment has generally not been carried over into church life, and what incidence it has might reflect the poor spiritual state of those concerned.

Though Africa has 2,080 Peace Corps members (the largest for any continent), respondents note no perceptible impact; over 80 per cent say members have not entered or are unknown to them in their areas.

Many missionaries report a fair degree of political stability, though some admit limited knowledge of the political scene. A notable exception is the Congo, where widespread political unrest continues. Evidence of disillusionment with self-government is observed here and there, and a common reply on this subject is: “At the moment relatively stable, but.…”

Only two countries report Communism strong: South Africa, where it is outlawed, and the Congo. An organized Communist party is rare in Africa. This does not mean the party is inactive; not one of our respondents denies ...

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