In early spring of each year, Jews around the world celebrate Holocaust Remembrance Day. It is a reminder to Jews and Gentiles alike of the unspeakable tragedy of the Holocaust under Hitler and the Nazis. Jews will never forget it, and they vow it shall never happen again. CHRISTIANITY TODAY joins with the Jewish people in remembering this infamous event. With them, we are determined that nothing like it shall ever happen again.

We believe it is specially appropriate on this occasion to raise six hard questions for both evangelicals and Jews:

1. Are evangelicals anti-Semitic?

2. Who killed Jesus?

3. Is the New Testament anti-Semitic?

4. Should Christians seek to evangelize Jews?

5. Should Jews fear evangelicals?

6. How can evangelicals and Jews work together?

No doubt it would be easier to avoid these sticky questions. But the occasion is far too momentous, the day too serious to allow ourselves to drift apart simply because we are unwilling to take the trouble to understand each other. We evangelicals and Jews need each other too much to gloss over our differences with superficial banalities. We owe it to each other to speak with open hearts and complete honesty.

Are Evangelicals Anti-Semitic?

Anti-Semitism is, of course, difficult to define. It includes infinitely more than genocide; for that is only the worst form of anti-Semitism—the final step in a long journey. On the other hand, anti-Semitism must not be so broadly defined as to preclude criticism of particular acts or of specific groups of Jews. “Faithful are the wounds of a friend,” says Scripture. It is possible to criticize a Jew without being anti-Semitic, just as it is possible to criticize an evangelical without being anti-evangelical.

On the whole, evangelicals tend ...

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