April 29, 1380: Italian mystic Catherine of Siena dies from exhaustion brought on by her efforts to bring unity to the church. Her visions, experienced since childhood, and her persistent pleading led Pope Gregory XI to return the papal seat to Rome from Avignon, France (see issue 30: Woman in the Medieval Church).
April 29, 1429: Joan of Arc, who had experienced mystical visions and voices since childhood, enters the besieged French city of Orleans to lead a victory over the English. The next day, the English retreated, but, because it was a Sunday, Joan refused to allow any pursuit. On a sortie the next year, The English captured Joan and put her on trial for heresy (see issue 30: Woman in the Medieval Church).
April 29, 1607: English settlers establish the first Anglican church in the American colonies at Cape Henry, Virginia.
February 1, 524 (traditional date): Brigit, founder of a monastery at Kildare and considered the "second patron saint of Ireland," dies (see issue 60: How the Irish were saved).
February 1, 1516: Desiderius Erasmus dedicates his "amendment" of Jerome's Latin (Vulgate) translation of the Bible to Pope Leo X. Perhaps because his work was so politically risky, he assured the pontiff, "We do not intend to tear up the old and commonly accepted edition [the Vulgate], but amend it where it is corrupt, and ...