During the past few decades Christianity versus communism has been the burden of countless publications and discourses throughout America. These for the most part have extolled the virtues of the Christian faith and of the American way of life, while on the other hand, they denounced the errors and terrors of communism. And of errors and terrors there have been plenty. Today, for all the “socialist” trends in American life, few causes so strongly unite the American people as the anti-Communist crusade.

Despite this strong opposition, however, the march of communism continues apace. Its progress since the Russian revolution 40 years ago is astounding. To the partisans of the movement this bears eloquent testimony to its validity. Its enemies recognize the fact that evil forces often seem more suited to the conditions of history (for a time) than the good. In any event, it cannot yet be supposed that the high water mark has been reached and that we shall see presently the eclipse of world communism.

Meanwhile, developments within the “free world” have not been reassuring. Despite an outer religious prosperity, there is clear evidence of the fresh growth, since World War II, of the secular stream in our own own culture. It is true that “the time of trouble”—the rise of totalitarian powers, the world-wide economic collapse during the inter-war period, two world wars and the Korean conflict—purged the West of much of its false optimism. Religion once more became respectable, and sin and tragedy returned as theological categories necessary to the understanding of history. But it was our military technology that rescued us from both our economic doldrums and our foreign enemies. God may have been introduced to the federal mint and ...

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