The news release from the World Council of Churches’ Central Committee meeting in Nyborg, Denmark, last August to the European press made understandable headlines, particularly that portion which indicated that a segment of the Committee went on record as favoring a free world surrender on the terms of the enemy in case of a threat of hydrogen warfare. No indication was given, in the German press at least, of the percentage of the Committee that went thus on record. Coming at the same time as the discussion of “Planning for Surrender” in Washington, it could hardly have failed to excite some comment, both on the Continent and in the United States.

In considering such a matter, we must separate the two questions, namely whether the military (which presumably must consider all eventualities) should give serious thought to the question of what terms and conditions, if any, should prompt a surrender on the part of the United States; and whether the Christian Church herself should make plans to advocate national surrender if hydrogen warfare was threatened. The answer to the first question must be left to others; the answer to the second vitally concerns us as Christians.

Among thoughtful Christians, opinions vary as to whether the Red World could be influenced by the growth of such Free World sentiment to the point of seeking control of the West by a master stroke of blackmail. Some feel that the danger lies not here but upon whether our policies may lead to disaster of another kind. Others feel that in a time in which, it is said, the older concepts of courage and freedom are not relevant, some considerable number might advocate the course of surrender under blackmail, as the only alternative to obliteration ...

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