November 9, 1799: Asa Mahan, Congregational clergyman and first president of Oberlin College, is born in Verona, New York.
November 9, 1938: German fascists take to the streets across Germany, looting and vandalizing Jewish homes, hospitals, schools, and synangogues in an event referred to as “Kristalnacht” for the shards of broken glass that littered the streets. German authorities did not intervene. Over 1000 synagogues were burned and 7000 Jewish businesses were destroyed or damaged. The death toll is hard to calculate, but some historians estimate that hundreds of Jews were murdered in this single night of hatred and violence.
July 6, 1054: Church legates of the Roman pope march into the church of Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, and place a bull on the altar, excommunicating him. So began of the Great Schism between the Catholics and the Orthodox. (See issue 54: Eastern Orthodoxy)
July 6, 1415: Jan Hus, Bohemian preacher and forerunner of Protestantism, is burned as a heretic in Constance, Germany (see issue 68: Jan Hus).
July 6, 1535: Sir Thomas More (b. 1478), who had recently resigned as Lord Chancellor ...