November 9, 1799: Asa Mahan, Congregational clergyman and first president of Oberlin College, is born in Verona, New York.
November 9, 1938: German fascists take to the streets across Germany, looting and vandalizing Jewish homes, hospitals, schools, and synangogues in an event referred to as “Kristalnacht” for the shards of broken glass that littered the streets. German authorities did not intervene. Over 1000 synagogues were burned and 7000 Jewish businesses were destroyed or damaged. The death toll is hard to calculate, but some historians estimate that hundreds of Jews were murdered in this single night of hatred and violence.
August 18, 1688: John Bunyan, author of Pilgrim's Progress preaches his last sermon, in London (see issue 11: John Bunyan).
August 18, 1732: In an emotional farewell service, Moravian Christians at Herrnhut sing 100 hymns and commission Leonard Dober and David Nitschmann as missionaries to slaves in the West Indies. Herrnhut, a community of only 600 members sent more than 70 missionaries between 1732 and 1742 (see issue 1: Nicolaus Zinzendorf).