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These essays stimulated my thinking on universalism, annihilationism (or conditional immortality), the Cross, the number of the saved, the problem of evil, and the key figures of Origen and Karl Barth.

Two Views of Hell: A Biblical and Theological Dialogue
Edward William Fudge and Robert A. Peterson (InterVarsity Press)

A spirited biblical and theological debate between a leading conditionalist (Fudge, author of The Fire That Consumes: A Biblical and Historical Study of the Doctrine of Final Punishment) and a traditionalist (me; my book Hell on Trial: The Case for Eternal Punishment presents this view).

Hell Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment
Edited by Christopher W. Morgan and Robert A. Peterson (Zondervan)

Outstanding essays on history (R. Albert Mohler Jr.), Scripture (Daniel I. Block, Robert W. Yarbrough, Douglas J. Moo, and Gregory K. Beale), alternative views (Christopher W. Morgan on annihilationism, J. I. Packer on universalism), and pastoral theology (Sinclair B. Ferguson).

The Doctrine of Endless Punishment
William Greenough Thayer Shedd (General books LLC)

Though dated, this remains the classic Protestant work on hell. After a brief historical survey, Shedd expounds on "the biblical argument" and "the rational argument."

The Decline of Hell: Seventeenth-Century Discussions of Eternal Torment
D.P. Walker (University of Chicago Press)

This significant source, which makes for fascinating reading, increased my understanding of some historical predecessors of contemporary universalism and annihilationism.


Related Elsewhere:

Robert Peterson is co-editor of Is Hell for Real or Does Everyone Go to Heaven?

Universalism and the Doctrine ...

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August 2011

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