Was alleged Olympics bomber motivated by religion?
Is Eric Rudolph a Christian terrorist? The Washington Post asks the question in yesterday's edition. "The question is not just whether Rudolph is a terrorist, or whether he considers himself a Christian," writes Alan Cooperman. "It is whether he planted bombs at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, two abortion clinics, and a gay nightclub to advance a religious ideology—and how numerous, organized and violent others who share that ideology may be."
Syracuse University political science professor Michael Barkun, who has consulted the FBI on "Christian extremist groups," is willing to use the phrase. "Based on what we know of Rudolph so far, and admittedly it's fragmentary, there seems to be a fairly high likelihood that he can legitimately be called a Christian terrorist," he said.
But Idaho State University sociologist James A. Aho disagrees. "I would prefer to say that Rudolph is a religiously inspired terrorist, because most mainstream Christians consider Christian Identity to be a heresy," he said. The phrase "Christian terrorist," Aho says, is "sort of an oxymoron." But maybe now that the phrase is being used, says Aho, Christians will be more hesitant to use the phrase "Islamic terrorism."
Similarly, The New York Times called Rudolph a "Christian ideologue" (at least reporter Jeffrey Gettleman did initially—the phrase seems to have been dropped from the online version).
But there is compelling evidence that Rudolph actually wasn't motivated by religion—perverse, heretical, or otherwise.
Charles Stone, a retired Georgia Bureau of Investigation agent who supervised the bombing task force, says that Rudolph was really upset that the Food and Drug Administration didn't approve a drug he thought would help his father's cancer.
"The anti-abortion, anti-gay thing was a smokescreen," Stone told the Associated Press.
While Christian groups say that the "evil and wicked religion" that Rudolph was associated with—the Church of Israel—isn't one of ours, the Church of Israel says Rudolph isn't one of their own, either.
"We very clearly and emphatically teach that all Christians have a duty and an obligation to respect all law enforcement authorities. If Eric Rudolph had listened to his lessons here, he would have learned that acts of violence were absolutely and completely out of order and something this church would never have condoned," Dan Gayman said.
Syracuse's Barkun seems to give some credence to this, noting that the issues of abortion and homosexuality "are a rather subordinate theme" in Christian Identity—and that "anti-Olympic sentiment is not a motif in Christian Identity, and it still strikes me as an odd target."
In other words, even if Christian Identity was a kind of Christian version of Wahabbism (which it isn't), Rudolph wouldn't even have acted consistently with it.
"Assuming Eric Rudolph committed these crimes, he cannot find one word in the teachings of Christ to justify them," Gary Bauer wrote in response to the Post article. "Nor will he find any theological leader of any branch of Christianity willing to defend his criminal conduct. No Christian neighborhoods burst into celebration at the news of the bombings. Nor are Christian children being taught that if Rudolph had died in his attacks he would be a 'martyr' welcomed into heaven. The contrast with radical Islamic teachings couldn't be more stark."
But wait, says The New York Times—Rudolph does have supporters, especially in rural North Carolina.
"Rudolph's a Christian and I'm a Christian and he dedicated his life to fighting abortion," 25-year-old Crystal Davis of Murphy told The New York Times. "Those are our values. These are our woods. I don't see what he did as a terrorist act."
That is a truly despicable comment. However, some other evidence that such feelings are widespread deserve to be treated with skepticism. When the Peach Tree Restaurant in Peachtree, N.C., changed its marquee to read "Pray for Eric Rudolph," it may have very well been out of support for the terrorist. Or it may have simply been a truly Christian sentiment to "pray for your enemies."
The New York Times says the community is "fiercely loyal" to Rudolph, and that such support "might complicate the case. … There may be no shortage of suspects" who helped him.
The Associated Press says otherwise. "Folks around here resent the notion that there was an army of sympathizers in these mountains, ready and willing to sustain a notorious killer," writes Allen G. Breed. "It is a deeply religious area where anti-abortion sentiment runs deep. But [residents say] there's a big difference between opposing abortion and killing someone over it."
In any case, there may be a tighter connection to the murders than abortion or religion. Deborah Rudolph, Eric's sister-in-law, says he's a drug addict. According to the AP, she told the Southern Poverty Law Center's Intelligence Report that in the early 1990s, he would "sleep all day, then stay up all night and eat pizza and smoke pot and watch movies by Cheech and Chong." He reportedly made as much as $60,000 selling hydroponic marijuana. That much pot is enough to make anyone paranoid.
PCUSA General Assembly:
- Presbyterians keep gay ordination ban | Presbyterians decided yesterday against repealing the church's ban on the ordination of gays, instead voting to refer the matter to a task force trying to work out major controversies facing the Louisville-based denomination (The Courier-Journal, Louisville, Ky.)
- Presbyterians delay vote on gay clergy | Opponents of the policy vowed to keep pressing for change. (Associated Press)
- Presbyterians affirm abortion stance | Church adds language showing concern for unborn child in late-term procedures (The Denver Post)
- Presbyterians grapple with changing U.S. culture | Homosexuality, nontraditional family structures test conservative Christian convictions (The Denver Post)
Newsweek's cover package on life ethics:
- The war over fetal rights | The politics of the womb are becoming ever more personal—and complex. The Peterson murder case, changing state laws and startling new science are causing many Americans to rethink long-held beliefs (Newsweek)
- Treating the tiniest | Dramatic advances in fetal medicine—especially in utero surgery—have changed what we know and how we think about the unborn (Newsweek)
- 'The capacity is there' | Conservative bioethicist Hadley Arkes argues on behalf of the embryo (Newsweek)
- 'When can it feel pain?' | For philosopher Bonnie Steinbock, 'viability' makes the moral difference (Newsweek)
Ten Commandments okayed in Georgia:
- Court allows county seal's Commandments | The seal is a constitutionally permissible separation of church and state because it does not have the purpose or primary effect of endorsing religion, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decided in a ruling released Monday (The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)
- Ten Commandments symbol passes test (Law.com)
Film and TV:
- Hollywood finds spiritual themes in its films are box-office draws | Hollywood is producing more films with religious themes than ever in recent box office history, and it's proving what religious film critics have said for years: They sell. (San Antonio Express-News)
- Religion in the News: Christian reality | Taking a cue from its secular competitors, Trinity Broadcasting Network—a Santa Ana, Calif.-based television ministry—has started airing its first reality show, "Travel the Road" (Associated Press)
- Reality TV with gospel flair (Lancaster Eagle-Gazette)
- 'Matrix' raises big questions | Beyond the hype, these movies have staying power because of a deeper message steeped in world religions, faith leaders and media experts say (The Daily Camera, Boulder, Colo.)
Clergy sex abuse:
- Lawsuit alleges sex abuse by nun | A former student at an all-girls Catholic high school claims she was sexually assaulted more than a decade ago by a nun who taught morals and religion and was in charge of recruiting young women into the sisterhood. (The Hartford Courant)
- Retired priest gets 20 years for sex abuse | The Rev. Louis E. Miller, 72, pleaded guilty in March in Jefferson County Circuit Court to 44 counts of indecent and immoral practices and six counts of sexual abuse. (The Washington Post)
- Fathers' helper | How the church used psychiatry to care for—and protect—abusive priests (The New Yorker)
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