"Given that the United States is repeatedly said to be a religious country and that over 80 percent of its citizens are reported to be Christians, it is interesting how little has been made of the declarations by so many Christian leaders and ethicists that the Bush Administration's proposed war against Iraq is unjust and immoral," New York Times columnist Peter Steinfels wrote in his "Beliefs" column Saturday.
He spoke a bit too soon. The major newspapers seem to have all covered religious leaders' responses over the weekend.
For example, The Washington Post reported, "Thus far, the religious community has tended to be critical of Bush's war rhetoric. … But the president also has received support from leaders of the fastest-growing segment of religion in the United States — evangelical Christianity."
Most such articles echo our website's September 4 opinion roundup on Iraq, quoting the Southern Baptist Convention's very hawkish Richard Land and the National Association of Evangelicals' more reserved Rich Cizik. (Steinfels is the only one, however, to quote Christianity Today's editorial.)
Some voice is given to pacifists like Stanley Hauerwas, but the focus is on just war theory. See, for example, the Los Angeles Times's Saturday article on Christians' differences over how just war theory applies to Iraq. A Wall Street Journal editorial (subscription required) puts particular focus on just war theory's requirement that war must be waged "by a legitimate authority." "Maybe we missed the revelation, in Thomas Aquinas or elsewhere, that no war is just unless it is sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council," the paper says. "There are any number of legitimate arguments against a war in Iraq, prudential as well as principled. We've published some in these pages, and we certainly respect pacifism rooted in religious conscience. But since when did multilateralism become the linchpin of just-war theory?"
Mainline churches are very dovish on Iraq — even some of those that gave qualified support to U.S. military action in Afghanistan. Steinfels counts them off: the United Methodist Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A), the Orthodox Church in America, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), and the United Church of Christ, the National Council of Churches, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, the World Council of Churches, the Anglican Consultative Council (leaders of 70 million Anglicans), the Lutheran World Federation, the Vatican, and the incoming Archbishop of Canterbury.
"Many of these church bodies are habitual critics of American foreign policy and military actions, and people in their pews … do not necessarily pay much heed to their leaders' statements," Steinfels writes. "But some of these groups, the Catholic bishops, for instance, offered a degree of support for the war in Afghanistan that they are distinctly withholding now. Something similar can be said of the more than 100 Christian ethicists from seminaries and universities who released a simple statement on Wednesday affirming a 'moral presumption against a pre-emptive war with Iraq by the United States.'"
In a Washington Times op-ed piece, Hoover Institution fellow, former pastor, and former Christianity.com CEO David Davenport takes the ethicists' statement with a grain of salt. "That Christians could be marshaled to oppose war is hardly news. There have always been strong strains of pacifism, conscientious objection, and antiwar thought in religious communities. … Indeed, why did they rally only 100 Christian ethicists? To be fair, this number would be substantially reduced if we removed the pacifists whose theology would preclude all wars and those whose politics are anti-Bush."
But Davenport doesn't wholly reject the statement. "The studied opinion of 100 Christian ethicists about the morality of a war is an important word, but not the last word on the matter. There is ample room for Christians, and others, to find solid moral ground for military action against Saddam," he writes. "Sometimes Christianity demands its followers to be proactive, not merely reactive or passive. Frequently it requires tough choices between shades of good and evil. Most of all, it requires us to adapt ancient moral principles to modern realities, which fairly includes the pre-emptive removal of weapons of mass destruction, as well as the evildoer who controls them."
Meanwhile, Henry G. Brinton, pastor of Fairfax Presbyterian Church, writes in The Washington Post, "It is hard for me to chart a straight course for myself and my parishioners when respected religious leaders are recommending an approach that is so different from the president's. … For a worldwide Christian church that rarely agrees about anything, this is quite a consensus. … The president needs to address these misgivings, using both political and theological language, if he is to win the support of Christian leaders at home and abroad."
It's not just a problem in the U.S., either. The Daily Telegraph of London reports that Prime Minister Tony Blair will call a "faith summit" on the issue. "We've got a tricky situation at the moment," an unnamed official who is setting up the summit said. "The peace-loving Christians and the Muslims are getting jittery. We need to get them in and calm them down. Tony agrees."
Bush announces fetus rights rule:
- Bush to extend health care benefits to fetuses | New rule stirs abortion debate (The Washington Post)
- Also: Bush plan on fetus benefits sparks debate (The Boston Globe)
- Also: White House issues regulation that defines fetuses as children (Los Angeles Times)
Politics and law:
- Religious, charitable groups get exemption on campaign finance | The move was sought by activist groups on the left and right but opposed by reform advocates, who cite the highly political activities of some churches and of such organizations as the Christian Coalition. (The Washington Post)
- Showing faith in discretion | The Fellowship, which sponsors the National Prayer Breakfast, quietly effects political change. It acts with the blessing of many in power (Los Angeles Times)
- Bishop trains pastors to win grants | Harold Ray, who three years ago opened the National Center for Faith Based Initiative at his West Palm Beach, Fla., megachurch, passed through Washington last week for a two-day "economic empowerment" forum, funded partly by federal grants to impart management skills to grass-roots religious workers (The Washington Times)
- Regional faith differences affect politics, study says | Glenmary's "religious census" suggests why vouchers are popular in Cleveland and domestic partner benefits are big in the Pacific Northwest (The Plain Dealer, Cleleveland)
- Frustrated U.S. Muslims feel marginalized again | "On the political scene, we are back to square one." (Los Angeles Times)
- French bishops against church protests | Senior Roman Catholic clerics in France have asked illegal immigrants to stop occupying churches and cathedrals in their effort to win residency papers (BBC)
- Killed on 9/11, fire chaplain becomes larger than life | A book about his life is already out and another is in the works. The French have named him to the Legion of Honor, and Pope John Paul II has accepted the gift of his helmet. Others are pushing for sainthood (The New York Times)
- Also: September 11 and the clamor to canonize Victim Number 00001 | Mychal Judge would have considered it ridiculous. Still, he would surely have smiled, because the man in the brown robe never minded the limelight (The London Independent)
Missions and ministry:
- Franklin Graham's positions are holding up well | Franklin Graham is less interested in a ministry permeated by protocol than one steeped in the actual practice of saving lives and doing the work he has been called on to do (Asheville [N.C] Citizen-Times)
- Bible-pushers on a mission impossible | It ain't easy giving out Bibles in Sodom on the Hudson (New York Post)
- Military searches for a few good chaplains | The Army has at least 200 vacancies in its 1,300-member Chaplain Corps (Arizona Daily Star / Bradenton [Fla.] Herald)
- Spreading the word of God | £1.25m "Power to Change" Christian outreach push starts (The Belfast Telegraph)
- Missionaries returned safely to friends, family | French troops rescued them, but the McCombs are eager to get back to their calling (The Rocky Mountain News, Denver)
- Christian message gets the hard sell |Churches move to project a positive image to a doubting public. (Editorial, The Belfast Telegraph)
- The Bible tells us so—or does it? | Archeologists, historians and others are debating whether people and places in the Old Testament—King David, for instance, or Israel itself—actually existed (The Globe & Mail, Toronto)
- 'Idiot's Guide to Bible' not quite idiotic | Book is sometimes silly, but still an informative read (Associated Press)
- Computer software is Bible study resource | Computer duffers often find CD-ROMs baffling to use and may give up (Associated Press)
- Blessed are the new Bible translations. … Not! | (The Globe & Mail, Toronto)
Clergy sex abuse:
- Court tells diocese to release abuse files | Plaintiffs seek to show a pattern of protection. (The Boston Globe)
- 2 California priests charged | Arrest warrant issued for third wanted for molesting children. (MSNBC)
- Massachusetts prosecutor sparks criticism by releasing names of accused priests (Associated Press)
- Vatican expected to seek test of sexual abuse policy | Roman Catholic officials say they believe that the Vatican is unlikely to support the American bishops' new policy of removing all sexually abusive priests (The New York Times)
- The bishop, the scandal, and his plan | Gregory's '94 experience shapes centrist response. (The Washington Post)
- Priests organize, focusing on rights within church | Roman Catholic priests in the New York area have begun organizing to fight what they see as unfair treatment by the church hierarchy (The New York Times)
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