Prospects For World Peace

Peace with Russia, by Averell Harriman (Simon and Schuster, 1960, 174 pp., $3, is reviewed by William K. Harrison, Lieutenant General, U. S. Army, Ret.

Probably few men are as well qualified as Mr. Harriman, former governor of New York, to write on the problem of peace with Russia. Following earlier visits to deal with the Soviet government, he was the American Ambassador in Moscow, from 1943 to 1946. After his return to the United States, he made particular efforts to keep abreast of the situation in Russia. On a recent visit to the country, he sought factual information relating to questions and ideas which had been advanced by other visitors to Russia. He had access to localities and persons where this information might be found. Among these persons were Khrushchev, other government officials, and many ordinary persons. To the reviewer, it appears that Mr. Harriman is a careful and dispassionate observer, and that he has written in a clear, easy to read, objective fashion. Mr. Khrushchev’s recent destruction of the Summit Conference in Paris, with his subsequent attacks against the United States and its leaders, emphasize to Americans the importance of Mr. Harriman’s book.

Based on his recorded observations, too numerous to mention here, Mr. Harriman reaches certain conclusions.

With regard to the Russian people, he says that although some scattered resentment and discontent does exist among the people, there is no evidence that they have any desire to overthrow their government. The present condition has resulted from a number of government actions since the time Stalin died. There has been a considerable relaxation of the policy of rule by terror, with a corresponding increase in personal freedom. ...

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