The Sixth World Order Study Conference appealed for a Red Chinese seat in the United Nations, repeating a stand of the last conference (1958) that sparked a grassroots rebellion against the conference sponsor, the National Council of Churches.

But a nagging new issue has arrived since 1958: Viet Nam. Here, too, World Order countered American foreign policy in calling for an end to bombing of North Viet Nam.

There was anxiety throughout the conference about what would finally be said about Viet Nam. At a session marked by unusually strong disagreements, this issue proved the most divisive.

Dr. Harold Row, a pacifist who went on the NCC study tour of Viet Nam, led those who thought the United States should immediately slop all military operations in Viet Nam. He was opposed vigorously by Harold Stassen, Republican and Baptist leader.

The final compromise statement acknowledged “with repentance” America’s part in the growing war and called on the United States to request immediate negotiations with North and South Viet Nam. Stassen and others were soundly defeated when they tried to make the statement closer to present American policy.

The current rash of demonstrations over Viet Nam led to affirmation of the right of Americans “to appraise, criticize, and endeavor to mold opinion concerning our country’s foreign policy,” A bid to insert “by legal means” after “endeavor” was defeated. Civil disobedience was countenanced, if participants are willing to take the legal consequences of their action.

The Red China statement was significant in the light of that nation’s present belligerence toward the United States and the U. N. The conference also asked for free travel between American and mainland China, sale of food and other non-strategic ...

Subscriber access only You have reached the end of this Article Preview

To continue reading, subscribe now. Subscribers have full digital access.

Have something to add about this? See something we missed? Share your feedback here.

Our digital archives are a work in progress. Let us know if corrections need to be made.

Tags:
Issue: