On a talk show recently an editor of this magazine was asked, “How come you preachers seem to have so little influence on the lives of your people? Many of them just don’t appear to be what you say they should be.” The second question bore down on Billy Graham’s friendship with several presidents and the host asked, “How come he didn’t have more influence on what these presidents did?”

No one can expect the unconverted person to live a Christian life. Moreover, there are people who though they profess the Christian faith have never been regenerated. But we are talking about Christians who are truly justified and who are faced by the second aspect of the salvatory process: sanctification.

Christians generally choose one of two options concerning santification. The regenerated man becomes a partaker of the divine nature (2 Pet. 1:4), is a new man in Christ, and is called to a life of holiness; does he continue to have an old nature along with a new nature, or does he have an old nature that has been quickened, made alive?

Lewis Sperry Chafer in his massive Systematic Theology asserts that the converted man has two natures. So does C. I. Scofield in the Scofield Bible. Chafer says:

“Into this whole ‘natural man’ a new divine nature is imparted when the individual is saved. Salvation is more than a change of heart. It is more than a transformation of the old. It is a regeneration or creation of something wholly new which is possessed in conjunction with the old nature so long as the child of God is in this body. The presence of two opposing natures (not two personalities) in one individual results in conflict” (II, 357).

Over against this view stands that of theologians such as Charles Hodge, a classical Presbyterian great. In his ...

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