CARE Act back in the Senate
A new version of the Charity Aid, Recovery, and Empowerment (CARE) Act, part of President Bush's faith-based initiative, will make it to the U.S. Senate floor for a vote as early as next week, Sen. Rick Santorum (R-Penn.) tells The Washington Times.
Last year, the Democrat-controlled Senate did not vote on the bill as some members demanded that it also force faith-based groups receiving government funds to hire workers without considering their religion.
This year's bill isn't much different from the one Santorum and Sen. Joe Lieberman (D-Conn.) introduced last year. It doesn't expand charitable choice (that is, it doesn't allow more faith-based social service organizations to receive government funds). But it does offer several tax code changes that both Republicans and Democrats support. Among them, it proposes:
- Letting taxpayers who do not itemize their deductions to deduct a portion of their charitable giving
- Tax incentives for farmers and restaurants to donate extra food to the hungry, and similar incentives for donors of books and technology;
- Government-matched savings accounts for low-income Americans who want to purchase a home, further their education, or start a small business; and
- Deducting volunteers' mileage from their gross income.
The bill also offers $150 million each year for technical assistance to small community and faith-based charities, and allows a faith-based organization to receive funds even if it displays religious icons, has a religious name, uses religious language in its charter documents, or has religious qualifications for its governing board.
Even so, a congressional aide says the bill may not be strong enough for House Republicans, who passed a much broader faith-based initiative bill last year. "I think there'll be a real resistance to a piecemeal approach," the House Republican aide told the Times. "A lot of the members in the House will insist that we deal with all of the issues regarding equal treatment, not just the easy ones."
More articles on the faith-based initiative:
- Problems remain with Bush's plan | Even when faith-based treatment programs for drug and alcohol abuse are effective, there are problems with allowing the government to pay for treatment of people who choose to use them (Editorial, Palladium-Item, Richmond, Ind.)
- Vouchers for addicts | It's an experiment worth trying, especially if it reaches hearts and reforms lives (Editorial, The Christian Science Monitor)
School vouchers are back, too
There's some confusion about how hard President Bush will push for a $756 million school choice program for Washington, D.C. Bush's budget proposal includes a pilot program that would give Washington families vouchers to send their students to private schools, The Washington Post reported yesterday.
Today, the story is less clear. "The Bush administration will provide funding for private school vouchers in the District only if city officials agree to the program, U.S. Education Secretary Roderick R. Paige said yesterday," the Post reports. "But later in the day, an Education Department spokesman held open the possibility that a nonprofit organization in the District could serve as a conduit for the voucher program if city officials refused to participate."
"We're going to be suggesting they do this," Paige told the Post. "We're going to work hard to get them to agree to this."
But a spokesman for Mayor Anthony A. Williams says it won't happen. "The mayor is not going to commit the District to any voucher initiative," he said. "He is opposed to vouchers. The council is opposed to vouchers. Vouchers are not on the table."
"The details of the Bush administration's proposal are vague," report the Post's Justin Blum and Michael A. Fletcher. "Paige could not say how much the vouchers would be worth, the number of students who could take part in the program or the total amount of money that would be set aside for the District."
Bush dropped school vouchers from his 2001 education plan, but became more supportive of them than ever after last year's Supreme Court ruling that they do not violate the First Amendment.
In related news, Louisiana Gov. Mike Foster has called for a voucher pilot program in his state. "In his proposal for vouchers, Foster called for a small pilot program that would give parents of students in a limited number of failing schools the right to transfer to a private school," reports the New Orleans Times-Picayune. "Foster didn't say how much money the state would pay for private school tuition, but he said the program would include only a few failed schools and affect only a few hundred students."
Pundits: What did religious talk after the Columbia disaster mean?
A lot of people took note of religious language and feelings after the Columbia explosion. As Weblog noted yesterday, The Washington Post even ran an entire article on how Isaiah 40:26 made its way into Bush's announcement that "The Columbia is lost." Now pundits are giving it closer scrutiny.
"In moments of tragedy, it's natural to speak of God watching over us," writes William Saletan in Slate.
There are two senses in which God can watch over us. Only one of them is compatible with the courage praised by Bush and Reagan. The other is the one invoked by the terrorists of Sept. 11 and by Iraqis who are rejoicing today in our misfortune. … It's reassuring to think that God will protect us from tragedy or defeat. But that belief has two dangerous implications. One is that courage is unnecessary and unreal. The crews of Challenger and Columbia weren't actually taking risks or showing bravery, as Reagan and Bush supposed, because their fate was in God's hands. The other implication is that tragedies are God's will. That's what Bush rebuked Pat Robertson and Jerry Falwell for suggesting when they speculated that Sept. 11 had happened because God had removed his protection from the United States.
Saletan, Slate's chief political correspondent, concludes by noting the implications this has with war against Iraq. "In the skies over Baghdad, as in the skies over Texas, God's non-neutrality is a guide, not a promise. If Iraq insists on building weapons of mass destruction, we must fight not because God will protect us, but because he won't."
The idea God allows evil but does not cause it or will it does not appear in Saletan's piece.
In The Wall Street Journal, meanwhile, Naomi Schaefer writes that religious language about the Columbia explosion—indeed, even about space itself—is wholly understandable. "The impulse to see if there is a world beyond the human world, whether there is life other than human life, and view our own planet from another perspective, is deeply entangled with our curiosity about the fundamental questions of existence," she writes.
Indeed, [Columbia astronauts Rick D. Husband, Michael P. Anderson, and Ilan Ramon] didn't seem to see a conflict between maintaining their religious beliefs and exploring the outermost reaches of space, even though such missions have helped provide mankind with some of the most important information regarding the way in which the world was created. … Perhaps belief in a higher power may bring something even more important than this comfort—a drive to go back "into the darkness beyond our world."
More on the Columbia tragedy:
- Columbia chief's widow: Danger didn't preoccupy us | Evelyn Husband said her husband was a religious man who, when he signed autographs, always added a Bible verse about trusting in the Lord (Associated Press)
- Astronauts remembered at hometown churches (Houston Chronicle)
Persecution and religious freedom:
- Baptism of fire for believers | Mandaeans who fled persecution in Iran say life in Australia's detention centers is filled with religious hatred against non-Muslims (The Age, Melbourne, Australia)
- Murder of his wife fails to dampen man's faith | Not even the most unimaginable horror shook Gary Witherall's conviction that Christians should be willing to lay down their lives for God (The Record Herald, Waynesboro, Penn.)
- Attack on missionary was planned, says Confederation of Human Rights Organization | Group has also alleged that in order to thwart the police action against the perpetrators of the attack, the RSS functionaries were threatening some witnesses and cajoling others with promise of "Central Government'' aid for construction of latrines and free rations (Kerala Next)
- Attack on Evangelist bad omen for India's secularism | "A case of a majority community being induced to develop a minority complex" (Ranjit Devraj, The Daily Times, Pakistan)
- The other face of fanaticism | While the West worries over Islamic fundamentalism, India's Hindu nationalists thrive by stirring up a murderous anti-Muslim frenzy (The New York Times Magazine)
- Canadian missionary trapped in tribal war | Papua New Guinea warriors replace bows and arrows with M-16 rifles (The Globe & Mail, Toronto)
- Vietnamese-Born priest killed in homeland | Monsignor Peter Dao Duc Diem, 63, is believed to have been stabbed to death on Jan. 25, in Hue, Vietnam (Associated Press)
- Priest tried for alleged weapons possession | Rinaldi Damanik is accused of illegal possession of weapons and ammunition, charges that carry up to the death sentence (Associated Press)
- American culture embraces religious conversion | In most places, people are expected, even pressured, to carry on their culture's religious traditions in their own lives, and to pass those beliefs on to the next generation. In American culture and law, however, people are permitted to change their religious affiliations and beliefs, and the way they live as a result (Voice of America)
War in Iraq:
- More than 300 Pakistani Christians protest against U.S. war against Iraq | Demonstrators marched down a busy street from Saint Mary's Cathedral Church in the center of the city, carrying banners reading: "We want peace" and "We condemn war." (Associated Press)
- Bush's church vs. Bush | Bishops and other leaders of the United Methodist Church—which counts President George W. Bush among its adherents—dominate the religious opposition against his preparations for a war on Iraq (UPI)
- United in faith, divergent on war | Polls show that Americans don't agree on whether the nation should go to war; the Christians among them are no different (The Oregonian)
- Religions find prospect of war divisive | At many churches, beliefs rely more on individuals' feelings than a directive from the pulpit, even as leaders of most mainstream U.S. religions have issued statements opposing war with Iraq (Modesto [Calif.] Bee)
- Could this be a 'just' war? | Can war with Iraq be justified? The historic "just war" theory states that war is never good but it can be a lesser evil to doing nothing. So, how does it apply to the current crisis? (BBC)
- The gospel for a just war | Decisions about war belong to Caesar, not the church. (George Pell, The Australian)
- Countdown to war | We should not initiate military action until we're ready for a war at home (Jack Miles, Los Angeles Times)
- Religiosity and foreign policy: When power disdains realism | The neoconservatives are not realistic because they are pushing America into an attack on Iraq on the basis of stubbornly biased and ideologically based scenarios of an easy war and easy democratic transformation of the Middle East (William Pfaff, International Herald Tribune)
- Congo's war: Horrors far from the eyes of the world | For 33 years, Italian priest Silvano Ruaro watched the brutality and bloodshed of Congo's wars but the last several months in Ituri were still able to shock him to the core (Reuters)
- Bishop asks U.S., U.K. to step in North War | "The international community has not put a human face on the conflict in northern Uganda," says Acholi Religious Leaders' Peace Initiative (New Vision, Kampala, Uganda)
Faith in the workplace:
- Businesses bring religion to workplace | What are the rewards - and the risks - when religious beliefs and the workplace intersect? (The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C.)
- Creating barrier and divisions | Unless [religious displays in the workplace] are done prudently and respectfully that they create more barriers and divisions than bringing about any kind of unity, understanding and mutual acceptance (Alan Neely, The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C.)
- Viewing work as a calling | God is stirring the hearts of people who are searching for answers in life and not necessarily in church (Jack Munday, The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C.)
- Local voices | What others are saying about spirituality in the workplace (The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C.)
- Fearing God more than man | Hair stylist Eric Garner shares his Christian faith with clients and co-workers at International Coiffures in Raleigh (The News & Observer, Raleigh, N.C.)
Vatican releases reflection on New Age:
- Vatican weighs in on New Age movement | Some aspects of the search for inner peace were positive, church says, but that they can't replace true Christian religion (Associated Press)
- Vatican book is offering reflections on 'New Age' | The Holy See on Monday presented a 90-page booklet offering a "Christian Reflection on the 'New Age.'" (The New York Times)
- Vatican issues New Age warning (The Washington Times)
- In a galaxy far from the Vatican, a kind of new age takes shape | A blanket rejection of the New Age phenomenon is a missed opportunity to explore the reasons for its popularity, what these indicate about the attachment to intellectual conventions in the West, and what this implies for effective transmission of the Christian faith in a contemporary (or, as some would have it, a postmodern) context (Chris McGillion, The Sydney Morning Herald)
- Mugabe wants help from church | The Anglican church is set to mediate between the beleaguered government of Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and former colonizer Britain (Sunday Times, Johannesburg, South Africa)
- Also: Mugabe asks Ndungane to mediate with Britain (Daily Dispatch, Eastern Cape, South Africa)
- Government meddling in church matters, says archbishop | Archbishop Pius Ncube, the outspoken clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church, this week accused the government of planting its agents within the church so as to divide it along political lines (Zimbabwe Standard)
- Churches, not state, should call National Day of Prayer | We do not want to experience what happened last year and the previous years when the government organized prayers that ended up being campaign platforms for political parties (Levee Kadenge, The Daily News, Zimbabwe)
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