The much-discussed difference between the modern and postmodern eras may come down to this: Modernity will be remembered by the slogans of its philosophers, whereas postmodernity will be remembered by the slogans of its advertisers.

"I think, therefore I am" defined the era of Descartes; "Just Do It" and "Obey Your Thirst" define the era of Nike and Sprite. Descartes' rallying cry was a declarative statement of proof, but advertisers these days are in an imperative mood, borrowing their tone from the '60s bumper sticker that ordered us in no uncertain terms to "Question Authority."

I started making a list of these exhortations back when Gap insisted "Everybody in Khakis," and the list keeps getting longer—Nike, for example, has recently instructed us to "Run," "Live Strong," and "Make It Personal." But none has captured my imagination quite like a sign in Starbucks, that laid-back emporium of java and earth tones. Placed under a rack of Starbucks compilation CDS, the sign offered this postmodern commandment: "Live More Musically."

Maybe the sign caught my eye because a few years ago I decided to return to my own musical roots, revisiting in my 30s the classical music I had practiced as a child. I've spent countless hours since working my way through Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier, a beautiful and difficult collection of preludes and fugues that has taught me perseverance, humbled me with my own limitations and laziness, and given me a few glimpses of grace.

But even for nonmusicians, Starbucks' sign seems to point in the right direction. To live more musically implies having a rhythm, a sense of harmony, a melody that gives shape to life. Who wouldn't want to live more musically?

As postmodern slogans go, "Live More Musically" even has a certain resonance with the Christian faith. From David's psalms to the David Crowder Band, music has always flourished among biblical people: Few other activities so perfectly combine heart, mind, soul, and strength. When early theologians were searching for a way to explain the quality of relationship among the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, they settled on perichoresis, a Greek word suggesting a dance that goes endlessly around, beautiful and balanced. The Trinity itself, you might say, lives musically.

So Starbucks is on to something, and none too soon. For even as iPods proliferate and background music colonizes the last refuges of silence, from delivery rooms to funeral homes, our generation may be living less musically than any other in history.

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After all, when was the last time the fans, rather than Beyoncé Knowles or a barbershop quartet, sang the national anthem at a professional baseball game? The last time that Christmas carolers came to your door? The last time you invited friends to take turns playing the piano and singing after dinner? Only a few decades ago these experiences were not uncommon. Now they seem, especially to the young and the urban, faintly absurd. To be sure, music still matters to us. It's just that we have forgotten how to sing.

The great irony is that music itself has made us forget. Professionally produced music, in all its Starbucks-counter abundance, offers an effortless fidelity that our own music can never achieve. There is a big difference between playing a CD and playing a fugue. One is instantly rewarding, the other takes time and patience. One satisfies, the other requires a sacrifice. One is godlike—Yo-Yo Ma or Radiohead play flawlessly at your command—while the other reminds you just how small a creature you are. One is a purchase, the other is a practice.

For a musician, to live more musically means to embrace practices—disciplines, rewarding only in the long run, that no one would pay for in the short run. But the core doctrine of consumer culture, reinforced a thousand times a day, is the belief that we can satisfy our deepest longings with purchases instead. Want to live more musically? Buy a CD. Want to "live strong"? Nike has a pair of sneakers for you. Purchases are not only instantly satisfying, they also wear out quickly. So they generate an ongoing stream of revenue, supporting the advertising that draws us toward them in the first place.

We postmoderns wear our transcendent aspirations on our sleeves, or at least on our T-shirts. We know we are thirsty. We want to live strong. We want to make it personal. We want to live musically. But how will the church convince anyone that the answer is found in practices, not purchases? When it comes to powers of persuasion, we'll never be able to match Starbucks's marketing budget. But maybe we won't have to if we can learn again, together, how to sing.

Related Elsewhere:

More Starbucks music is available from the company's website.

Earlier Andy Crouch columns for Christianity Today include:

The Cruel Edges of the World | There are some places that bring the distant biblical text closer to our lives. (June 07, 2004)
Pilgrims to Nowhere | Freedom isn't much good if you don't have a sense of direction. (March 30, 2004)
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Glittering Images | A profound Christian rethinking of power is overdue (Feb. 17, 2004)
Before the Deluge | All of us have a sexual orientation that bends toward the self. (Dec. 03, 2003)
Two Weddings and a Baptism | It's still impossible to predict what will advance the gospel in Hollywood. (Oct. 15, 2003)
Wrinkles in Time | Botox injections as a spiritual discipline. (Aug. 11, 2003)
Rites of Passage | Self-improvement is our culture's most durable religion. (June 6, 2003)
Christian Esperanto | We must learn other cultural tongues. (June 4, 2003)
We're Rich | But why is it so hard to admit? (Feb. 20, 2003)
Blinded by Pop Praise | To see God "high and lifted up," just open your eyes. (Dec. 17, 2002)
The Future Is P.O.D. | Multicultural voices have an edge in reaching a rapidly changing America. (October 12, 2002)
Rekindling Old Fires | We can resist technology's chilling effects on how we spend time together. (August 2, 2002)
Interstate Nation | The national highway system is a lesson in how to transform a nation. (June 21, 2002)
Amplified Versions | Worship wars come down to music and a power plug. (April 17, 2002)
Thou Shalt Be Cool | This enduring American slang leaves plenty out in the cold. (March 18, 2002)
Borrowing Against Time | We live in a fallen world. We will die. We need to face that. (Jan. 17, 2002)
Grounded | Our technologies give us an illusion of omnipresence—most of the time. (Nov. 15, 2001)

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Always in Parables
Andy Crouch
Andy Crouch is an editor at large for Christianity Today. Before working for CT, Crouch was chief of re:generation quarterly, a magazine which won the Utne Reader's Alternative Press Award for spiritual coverage in 1999. He was formerly a campus minister with InterVarsity Christian Fellowship at Harvard University. Crouch and his wife, Catherine, a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard, have two children. His column, "Always in Parables," ran from 2001 to 2006.
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