1901

Jean Henri Dunant

Devoted Swiss Calvinist; founded the International Committee of the Red Cross; shared the award with Frederic Passy, French founder and president of the first French peace society.

1907

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

Pacifist Italian and a practicing but anticlerical Catholic; president of the Lombard League of Peace.

1919

Thomas Woodrow Wilson

U.S. President and a Presbyterian; founder of the League of Nations.

1930

Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Söderblom

Primate of the Church of Sweden and Archbishop of Uppsala; leader of the ecumenical movement.

1934

Arthur Henderson

Methodist lay preacher from Britain; chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference of 1932–34.

1937

Lord Robert Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount

High-church Church of England writer; founder of the International Peace Campaign.

1946

John Raleigh Mott

American; chairman of the first International Missionary Council and president of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations; promoted Christ-based student movements and associations for peace; shared the award with Emily Greene Balch, honorary international president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

1947

The Friends Service Council (London) & The American Friends Service Committee (Washington)

These Quaker organizations shared the award for the spirit in which they carried out postwar relief efforts and for previous peace promotion.

1952

Albert Schweitzer

Alsace-born missionary surgeon; founded the Lambaréné Hospital in the Republic of Gabon.

1958

Georges Henri Pire

Belgian Father of the Dominican Order; leader of a relief organization for refugees.

1959

Philip J. Noel-Baker

British Member of Parliament and Quaker; devoted his life to international peace and cooperation.

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