1901

Jean Henri Dunant

Devoted Swiss Calvinist; founded the International Committee of the Red Cross; shared the award with Frederic Passy, French founder and president of the first French peace society.

1907

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

Pacifist Italian and a practicing but anticlerical Catholic; president of the Lombard League of Peace.

1919

Thomas Woodrow Wilson

U.S. President and a Presbyterian; founder of the League of Nations.

1930

Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Söderblom

Primate of the Church of Sweden and Archbishop of Uppsala; leader of the ecumenical movement.

1934

Arthur Henderson

Methodist lay preacher from Britain; chairman of the League of Nations Disarmament Conference of 1932–34.

1937

Lord Robert Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount

High-church Church of England writer; founder of the International Peace Campaign.

1946

John Raleigh Mott

American; chairman of the first International Missionary Council and president of the World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations; promoted Christ-based student movements and associations for peace; shared the award with Emily Greene Balch, honorary international president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

1947

The Friends Service Council (London) & The American Friends Service Committee (Washington)

These Quaker organizations shared the award for the spirit in which they carried out postwar relief efforts and for previous peace promotion.

1952

Albert Schweitzer

Alsace-born missionary surgeon; founded the Lambaréné Hospital in the Republic of Gabon.

1958

Georges Henri Pire

Belgian Father of the Dominican Order; leader of a relief organization for refugees.

1959

Philip J. Noel-Baker

British Member of Parliament and Quaker; devoted his life to international peace and cooperation.

1960

Albert John Luthuli

Practicing Christian and advocate of nonviolent passive resistance; president of the African National Congress.

1961

Dag Hammarskjöld

Swedish Secretary General of the United Nations; kept a private journal on the Lordship of Christ in his life; received the award posthumously.

1964

Martin Luther King Jr.

Campaigner for civil rights.

1976

Mairead Corrigan & Betty Williams

Catholic and Protestant women whose passion for peace united multitudes on both sides of the Northern Ireland conflict.

1979

Mother Teresa

Born in Yugoslavia of Albanian parents; cared for hundreds of thousands of the poor as leader of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity in India.

1980

Adolfo Perez Esquivel

Argentinian artist and human-rights leader; coordinated nonviolence movements based "on faith in Christ and in humankind."

1983

Lech Walesa

Devout Roman Catholic; founder of the Solidarity labor movement in Poland; campaigned for human rights.

1984

Desmond Mpilo Tutu

Anglican bishop of Johannesburg at the time of the award; later archbishop of Cape Town and former secretary general of the South African Council of Churches; played a key role in dismantling apartheid in South Africa.

1987

Oscar Arias Sanchez

President of Costa Rica whose faith in God helped sustain his efforts to initiate peace negotiations in Central America.

1990

Mikhail S. Gorbachev

President of the U.S.S.R. who helped bring the Cold War to a close has acknowledged the Russian Orthodox influence on his philosophy of human rights and international relations.

1993

Nelson Mandela & Fredrik Willem de Klerk

The former is a lifelong Methodist and the latter professes belief in the Trinity; two otherwise diametrically opposed figures who united to set South Africa on a nonviolent path toward majority rule.

1996

Carlos Belo & Jose Ramos-Horta

The bishop of Dili in East Timor and his lay colleague; worked toward a just and peaceful solution in the strife-torn region.

1998

John Hume & David Trimble

Catholic member of Parliament and Protestant Ulster Unionist Party leader; recognized for their efforts to find a peaceful solution in Northern Ireland.

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2000

Kim Dae-Jung

South Korean president and devout Catholic; honored for his drive for warmer relations with North Korea.

Related Elsewhere

See today's related articles, "Anonymous Are the Peacemakers | For the past century, the Nobel Peace Prize has spotlighted those who work for 'fraternity among the nations.' But strife and warfare are often thwarted by Christians working quietly and prayerfully" and "Fellowship Without Borders | In Northern Ireland, a Catholic monk and a Presbyterian pastor learn to work together for peace."

Read the announcement of 2000 Nobel Peace Prize winner Kim Dae Jung or read a profile of the South Korean President from CNN.

Mikhail Gorbachev has his own homepage.

Read Oscar Arias Sanchez's bio or visit his Arias Foundation for Peace and Human Progress site.

Read Martin Luther King Jr.'s acceptance speech from 1964.

Read about the history of the Friends Service Council, 1947 recipients.

Other Nobel Peace Prize winner of the faith include:

Bishop Carlos Belo

Nelson Mandela

Fredrik Willem De Klerk

Desmond Tutu

Lech Walesa

Adolfo Perez Esquivel

Mother Teresa

Dag Hammarskjold

Albert John Luthuli

Philip John Noel-Baker

Albert Schweitzer

Edgar Algernon Robert Cecil

Arthur Henderson

Nathan SÖderblom

Woodrow Wilson

Ernesto Moneta

Jean Henri Dunant


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