1. William W. Bennett, A Narrative of the Great Revival Which Prevailed in the Southern Armies … (Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1877). The author, who led the Methodist Soldiers’ Tract Association, describes prayer meetings and conversions.

2. James Farmer, The Metaphysical Confederacy: James Henley Thornwell and the Synthesis of Southern Values (South Carolina, 1982). Though not exactly a full biography of this important southern leader, the book covers well Thornwell’s role in religion and politics.

3. Drew Gilpin Faust, “Christian Soldiers: The Meaning of Revivalism in the Confederate Armies.Journal of Southern History, Vol. 53 (1987). A scholarly examination of religion among the southern troops.

4. C.C. Goen, Broken Churches, Broken Nation: Denominational Schisms and the Coming of the Civil War (Mercer, 1985). A clear look at the controversies that, in Goen’s words, “set Northern and Southern Christianity on divergent courses.”

5. Victor Howard, Religion & the Radical Republican Movement (Kentucky, 1990). A good recent work.

6. J. William Jones, Christ in the Camp; or, Religion in Lee’s Army (Richmond: J.W. Randolph & English, 1880). A chaplain in the Army of Northern Virginia gives eyewitness accounts of revival.

7. John R. McKivigan, The War against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern Churches, 1830–1865 (Cornell, 1984). Describes the tumultuous move toward abolition in the North.

8. James H. Moorhead, American Apocalypse: Yankee Protestants and the Civil War, 1860–1869 (Yale, 1978). Details well the widespread belief that northern success would usher in “the coming of the Lord.” ...

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